#1 Genetics And The Incarnation

Did life come into being through evolution?

My answer is categorically no, it did not. Evolution does not create DNA, it only modifies what is already there.

So what evidence is there that God created DNA and by this means created life?

Understanding genomes and how mutation modifies them give the main clues to answering this question. But in addition to this, for the Christian, there is proof in the fact of a male Messiah. This article gives the details of genetics that throw light on what is clearly evident: God can and did create at least one gene, a genetic code made of DNA.

This article, written in 2018, was the text I used for a talk given in a church parish on this subject.

The Incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ was a unique event in history and nothing was the same again.

He stretches out the heavens like a tent

Do you not know?
Have you not heard?
Has it not been told you from the beginning?
Have you not understood since the earth was founded?
He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth, and its people are like grasshoppers.
He stretches out the heavens like a canopy, and spreads them out like a tent to live in.

“To whom will you compare me? Or who is my equal?” says the Holy One.
Lift your eyes and look to the heavens: Who created all these?
He who brings out the starry host one by one, and calls them each by name.
Because of his great power and mighty strength, not one of them is missing.

Isaiah 40:21-22, 25-26

Who has not looked up at the sky at night with its myriads of stars and not felt very small? And not wondered about the meaning of things? And hearing the crickets singing as night falls thought, we are all like grasshoppers hopping about in the grass.

The Steps of Creation Part III Earth History

Is out now as an eBook. You can find the kindle edition in the Kindle Store for 77p or $1


Part III of Steps is about Earth as a planet – a planet captured by the Sun along with other planets of our Solar System. This hypothesis is different to the current idea that planet Earth condensed out of solar nebula gas.

The Earth’s iron core was shot out of a supernova explosion and hurtling through space, picked up a mantle of rocks as it journeyed through interstellar dust clouds. When captured, our planet had already been inoculated with microscopic life and it was this life that started to transform Earth’s surface, turning it into a biofriendly place.

Life on Earth gave Earth an atmosphere; water forming pools in craters began to fill oceans; and land rising up out of the oceans was formed in large part from biologically deposited sedimentary rocks. Natural processes occurring as the metabolic processes of mainly single-cell life went on for thousands of millions of years. The result was an environment where higher forms of life could survive and thrive.

God created forms of life that would produce suitable conditions for other forms of life; ecosystems built up over time. The Earth was chosen and formed according to purpose.

In Part III the scientific facts of geology and other earth sciences are incorporated into new planet formation hypotheses some involving physical forces and others where life takes the centre stage as the producer of beneficial environments.

This is a book of alternative explanations and new understandings relating to Earth as a planet.

The Steps of Creation series Part III

The Steps of Creation Part II Cosmos

Is out now as an eBook. You can find the kindle edition in the Kindle Store for 77p or $1


The universe is initiated with the creation of matter. This is different to the idea of matter condensing out of energy in the Big Bang model. In the Multi-Bang matter is flung out from multiple centres of expansion and the early universe is flooded with light. The opening words of Genesis speak of this light. Matter in motion forms revolving galaxies within which stars are born. This process does not involve ‘dark matter’, but only the matter actually observed in the universe. Part II of Steps describes the cosmic evolution of created matter.

In the Theory of Nanocreation and Entropic Evolution the fundamental stable elements were created as the components of life. Microscopic life is found on a vast scale. The unstable radioactive elements have been produced by natural processes and these evolved elements decay back into stable elements.

In the scenario offered by Part II of Steps, life is created by God and its components are the 16 fundamental elements found at the top of the Periodic Table. There are also three elements that act as catalysts in the formation of stars. Thus, the stuff of life, the elements of organic molecules, were not randomly fortuitously created in stars, but designed expressly for the functions of life and created within cells.

The description of the cosmos given in Part II is about the observed universe and not about speculations on unobserved things such as hypothetical other universes. The description of subatomic particles in Chapter 14 is based on the facts about known particles, and not about the hypothetical particle zoo.

I set out to write about the science of cosmology and physics with my feet firmly planted on the ground avoiding anything fanciful and trendy. But when I saw the unfurling of the early universe in my mind’s eye, I was stunned by the beauty and simplicity of what I saw.

The Steps of Creation Part I Life

Is out now as an eBook. You can find the kindle edition in the Kindle Store for 77p or $1


This book offers Creationist belief and a new theory of evolution based on the facts of modern science.

Facts from biology and paleontology all point to the conclusion that life has been complex from its origin. None the less, life has adapted to new conditions and become more diverse over time.

In Steps Part I new concepts on the following topics are discussed:

– Genetics: genes that make humans similar to apes and genes that make humans uniquely human
– Evolution that occurs by genetic switching-off. An ‘advantageous gene’ may be a blank, unexpressed gene.
– Highly evolved forms of life are often reduced forms. There are hundreds of examples of this e.g. moles have no eye balls, but they do have eye sockets which gives them selective advantage to life underground.
– The Natural Selection of modified traits and the limits to Natural Selection: Charles Darwin’s definitions of this concept.
– A new classification system of bacteria, single cell organisms, plants and animals: 120 basic kinds or classes of life.
– The fossil record of succeeding types of life and the ecosystems they belonged to.
– Life has never been created in a test-tube: the reasons why.
– Life has produced the conditions for life on planet Earth: anaerobic life produced water and continues to do so.

Prehistoric man was dehumanized by us

To summarize my thoughts on human origins and human evolution, humans started out human. They may have been primitive – in our eyes – but they were completely what they were, and not half-way-there to what they should be.

All creatures evolve, and this produces diversity within a type of thing. For all creatures become adapted to climate and their particular environment.

The human creature is no different in many respects from other creatures. What is different is that human evolution occurs as a response to human culture, and human culture is a product of the human mind.

Humans show considerable diversity geographically due to adaptation to climate, but also there is chronological diversity as humans were adapted to different cultures through prehistory, and prehistoric life was tough.

Differences in bone structure, behaviour and culture do not mean that prehistoric members of the genus Homo were not human. Our views on who we are and who they were dehumanized them! A lot of this is based on ignorance.

The half-evolved ape-man has about as much reality as a cartoon strip about the Flintstones.

  • Our body tissues and basic body plan are over 98% genetically identical to those of apes. We are part of the one ‘tree of life.’
  • The few genes – maybe a 1000 genes that are specific only to humans, have, I believe been shared by all members of the genus Homo for over 3 million years; that is to say, since the origin of the human line.
  • Human evolution, like the evolution of other creatures, has occurred through genetic switching off. This is explained in The Steps of Creation Part I. This is based on documented genetic evidence regarding mutations.
  • A person has a soul. No person has ever had half a soul. You either are one and have one, or don’t have one. This is what makes possible the ability to look into your own mind and know yourself.

This is the basis to being fully human while having tissues akin to those of other animals. We and all members of the genus Homo have similarities to apes while being very fundamentally different from apes from our origin.

It is us who dehumanized them

Quest for the historical adam

Each of God’s creations was whole, complete and perfect. Mankind was one of these creations.

He created them male and female, with the power of language, each possessing a soul.

God has never created a half-creature. He did not create a ‘hominid’ or upright walking, human-looking, non-human nor cause it to evolve from apes.

The historical Adam could be located 6000 years ago in the Neolithic, or come from prehistory 750 000 years ago with Homo heidelbergensis, or be located at the origin of the genus Homo some 2-3 million years ago.

Primitive members of the genus Homo; Homo habilis, the tool-maker or Homo ignis (Homo erectus), the fire-maker may have looked slightly different to ourselves and have a low hair-line on the forehead, but these were full human beings. Even the oldest fossils of all belonging to the human line, when reconstructed with human features rather than ape features, come out looking human.

The status of early, primitive members of the human line, in the eyes of the Creator, was that of having the original perfection and dignity of Adam and Eve, although we know they fell.

Quest for the historical Adam

The first humans

The power of creation and the power of healing are One

A large crowd followed and pressed around him. And a woman was there who had been subject to bleeding for twelve years. [In her desperation] she came up behind him in the crowd and touched his cloak, because she thought, ‘If I just touch his clothes, I will be healed.’ Immediately her bleeding stopped and she felt in her body that she was freed from her suffering.

At once Jesus realized that power had gone out from him. He turned around in the crowd and asked, “Who touched my clothes?” [the disciples said “everyone is touching you”, but Jesus kept looking around to see who had done it. Then fearfully the woman came forward to say it was her.] He said to her, “Daughter, your faith has healed you. Go in peace and be freed from your suffering.”

Gospel of Mark 5:25-34

When the woman touches Jesus’ prayer shawl, the fringe of his garment, power that heals and restores health is felt by the receiver and known to the Giver. This power produces tangible effects.

The power of creation and the power of healing are One. Each specific act of creation came through the same power as each specific act of restoring health. The power of God can reconfigure matter to set it up or to set it right.