#1 Origin of Life – Chance, Unknown Law or Design?

The Steps of Creation Part I Chapter 9 – a series of posts taken from the book on the theme of evolution: what it can achieve and what it cannot achieve.


The investigation into the origin of life is one of the most speculative areas of science, but it is of the utmost importance to NeoDarwinism.  The NeoDarwinist project does not exist without the proposition that life arose by natural means.  As we will see, there are enormous difficulties in explaining and demonstrating how this could have been.  As scientists enter deeper and deeper into the secrets of life, the gulf between the simplest forms of life and no life manifests itself with greater and greater clarity. Attempts to find a natural explanation for the origin of life have gone on for over half a century now.  Some believe that there will be a break-through, and others believe that the problems are insurmountable.  And there we have it: it is a question of belief.  There is no known law for life to emerge from non-life.

“Was the start of life an accident, or the inevitable outcome of natural laws, or perhaps the deliberate act of a powerful supernatural being?”  (Shapiro 1986, page 30).

Did life evolve by chance as a happy one-off accident on a planet called Earth in an immense universe?  Is the evolution of life inevitable on inhabitable planets due to some unknown law that causes a rise in the complexity and interconnection of organic molecules?  Did God use natural processes to cause life to emerge from matter in the universe?  Did God create life by carefully designing its organic components such that they perform functions of amazing intricacy?  It is all a matter of belief. 

Paperback: The Steps of Creation Part III Earth History


The hypotheses presented here in Part III describe natural processes which are important to the view of the universe presented in The Steps of Creation.  The hypotheses concerning Earth history provide vital links between other concepts belonging to the theory.

It is proposed that the solar system was formed by planet capture and that mass extinctions on Earth are evidence of these cataclysmic events.  The Earth Shrinkage  Hypothesis is proposed as an alternative to Plate  Tectonics.

It is hoped that these alternative explanations of scientific facts will provide new understandings in science.

ISBN 979-8491834020 Third edition Amazon price £8.81 / $12

Paperback: The Steps of Creation Part II Cosmos


In a nutshell, in the Theory of Nanocreation and Entropic Evolution it is proposed that God created at the microscopic nanoscale, while all the macrostructures of the universe evolved by natural processes.

God is the Creator of matter, and this matter forms the universe.  And yes, it did go bang – the Multi-Bang is a new explanation for the expansion of the universe and the dynamics of revolving galaxies and stars.

The Theory of Nanocreation and Entropic Evolution is a rejection of purely materialistic science.  The hypotheses of this alternative scientific theory offer a middle way: creation in the context of an evolving world.

ISBN 979-8491132904 Third edition Amazon price £8.45 / $11.50

Paperback: The Steps of Creation Part I Life


Science today is dominated by the Philosophy of Naturalism which excludes God from its definition of reality.  It is shown in The Steps of Creation how the facts discovered by modern science may be incorporated into a new theory: The Theory of Nanocreation and Entropic Evolution.  This is unashamedly theistic science – science which includes God as Creator.  

In Part I of The Steps of Creation it is proclaimed that God created life through Nanocreation – the creation of the DNA code of life.  DNA is modified through mutation and evolution occurs through the Natural Selection of genetic variants.  Life has diversified through entropic processes but in its origin life was created.  

ISBN 979-8490415442 Third edition Amazon price £11.02 / $15 (Previous editions are being sold by private sellers at a higher price)

The Steps of Creation Part III Earth History

Is out now as an eBook. You can find the kindle edition in the Kindle Store for 77p or $1


Part III of Steps is about Earth as a planet – a planet captured by the Sun along with other planets of our Solar System. This hypothesis is different to the current idea that planet Earth condensed out of solar nebula gas.

The Earth’s iron core was shot out of a supernova explosion and hurtling through space, picked up a mantle of rocks as it journeyed through interstellar dust clouds. When captured, our planet had already been inoculated with microscopic life and it was this life that started to transform Earth’s surface, turning it into a biofriendly place.

Life on Earth gave Earth an atmosphere; water forming pools in craters began to fill oceans; and land rising up out of the oceans was formed in large part from biologically deposited sedimentary rocks. Natural processes occurring as the metabolic processes of mainly single-cell life went on for thousands of millions of years. The result was an environment where higher forms of life could survive and thrive.

God created forms of life that would produce suitable conditions for other forms of life; ecosystems built up over time. The Earth was chosen and formed according to purpose.

In Part III the scientific facts of geology and other earth sciences are incorporated into new planet formation hypotheses some involving physical forces and others where life takes the centre stage as the producer of beneficial environments.

This is a book of alternative explanations and new understandings relating to Earth as a planet.

The Steps of Creation series Part III

The Steps of Creation Part II Cosmos

Is out now as an eBook. You can find the kindle edition in the Kindle Store for 77p or $1


The universe is initiated with the creation of matter. This is different to the idea of matter condensing out of energy in the Big Bang model. In the Multi-Bang matter is flung out from multiple centres of expansion and the early universe is flooded with light. The opening words of Genesis speak of this light. Matter in motion forms revolving galaxies within which stars are born. This process does not involve ‘dark matter’, but only the matter actually observed in the universe. Part II of Steps describes the cosmic evolution of created matter.

In the Theory of Nanocreation and Entropic Evolution the fundamental stable elements were created as the components of life. Microscopic life is found on a vast scale. The unstable radioactive elements have been produced by natural processes and these evolved elements decay back into stable elements.

In the scenario offered by Part II of Steps, life is created by God and its components are the 16 fundamental elements found at the top of the Periodic Table. There are also three elements that act as catalysts in the formation of stars. Thus, the stuff of life, the elements of organic molecules, were not randomly fortuitously created in stars, but designed expressly for the functions of life and created within cells.

The description of the cosmos given in Part II is about the observed universe and not about speculations on unobserved things such as hypothetical other universes. The description of subatomic particles in Chapter 14 is based on the facts about known particles, and not about the hypothetical particle zoo.

I set out to write about the science of cosmology and physics with my feet firmly planted on the ground avoiding anything fanciful and trendy. But when I saw the unfurling of the early universe in my mind’s eye, I was stunned by the beauty and simplicity of what I saw.

The Steps of Creation Part I Life

Is out now as an eBook. You can find the kindle edition in the Kindle Store for 77p or $1


This book offers Creationist belief and a new theory of evolution based on the facts of modern science.

Facts from biology and paleontology all point to the conclusion that life has been complex from its origin. None the less, life has adapted to new conditions and become more diverse over time.

In Steps Part I new concepts on the following topics are discussed:

– Genetics: genes that make humans similar to apes and genes that make humans uniquely human
– Evolution that occurs by genetic switching-off. An ‘advantageous gene’ may be a blank, unexpressed gene.
– Highly evolved forms of life are often reduced forms. There are hundreds of examples of this e.g. moles have no eye balls, but they do have eye sockets which gives them selective advantage to life underground.
– The Natural Selection of modified traits and the limits to Natural Selection: Charles Darwin’s definitions of this concept.
– A new classification system of bacteria, single cell organisms, plants and animals: 120 basic kinds or classes of life.
– The fossil record of succeeding types of life and the ecosystems they belonged to.
– Life has never been created in a test-tube: the reasons why.
– Life has produced the conditions for life on planet Earth: anaerobic life produced water and continues to do so.